Sennedjem's tomb no 1 at Deir el-Medina

The tomb lies within the Western cemetery. It was discovered intact in 1886. The opening and clearing of this intact burial place was overseen by Gaston Maspero, the head of the Antiquities Service at the time. Twenty mummies, nine of which were in coffins and eleven only wrapped in linen, were found inside the vaulted burial chamber which measures 5.12 m by 2.61 m, and 2.40 m high. The tombs owner was Sennedjem, a "servant in the place of truth", who lived in the village at the beginning of the 19th dynasty and then shared this "house of eternity" with his wife Iyinofreti, their son Khons and daughter in-law Tamakhet and the lady Isis, wife of their second son Khabekhnet, together with their grandchildren. Both Sennedjem and his wife lived well into an old age. Iyinofreti's mummy, now in the Metropolitan Museum in New York, is that of a woman of approximately 75.
Sennedjem's house lies in the south-western corner of the settlement. It neighbours a house of his son Khabekhnet.
Shabti of Sennedjem
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge E.9.1887. Limestone with pigment
Height 21.5 cm.
From Deir el-Medina, Tomb 1 of Sennedjem
New Kingdom, 19th dynasty, reign of Seti I, 1294-1279 BC
The shabti holds a broad bladed hoe against his right shoulder and a hoe with pointed blade against his left shoulder. A basket for seeds is depicted on his back, slung by a rope over his right shoulder. The text invokes the shabti as a servant, literally "hearer of the call", to act on behalf of Sennedjem if required at any of the works which are done in the necropolis.
Shabti of Sennedjem
Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna, Egyptian - Oriental Collection, Inv AE_INV_6614
New Kingdom
19th dynasty, around 1300 BC
From Deir el-Medina, Tomb 1 of Sennedjem
Limestone, painted
Height: 28.3 cm
Width: 9.95 cm
Depth:  8.8 cm
For the translation of the hieroglyphic inscription click here.
Photo by Lenka Peacock,2004
© The Fitzwilliam Museum
Photo by Lenka Peacock,2010
© Kunsthistorisches Museum

For detailed description of the tomb, follow the link to

To view and browse the digitised version of The Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings, (also known as Porter & Moss or TopBib) for this tomb, go to

Material for the Bibliography is gathered from an ever-expanding range of multi-lingual sources, encompassing both specialist and semi-popular Egyptological and Near Eastern publications, periodicals, museum guides, exhibition and auction catalogues, together with the growing wealth of web resources. The Bibliography also analyses a range of unpublished manuscripts, including those housed in the Griffith Institute Archive. Published in May 2014 by the Griffith Institute, University of Oxford, the volumes are constantly revised and augmented.

22 September 2019, Nevine El-Aref for ahram-online

"The anthropoid coffin of Sennedjem, who was the overseer of workers at Deir Al-Medina necropolis in Luxor, arrived to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation (NMEC) where it was unpacked. Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany witnessed the unpacking process.

The mummy of Sennedjem was removed from the coffin after the unpacking to enter the fumigation tent.

El-Enany described the fumigation process like medical surgery, to restore and preserve the mummy under the direction of skilled restorers.

Ahmed El-Sherbini, supervisor general of the NMEC, said that the coffins of Sennedjem and one of his wives are in a very good state of conservation and were previously exhibited at the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square, amongst the funerary collection of Sennedjem found inside his tomb discovered in 1886 by French Egyptologist Maspero.

Both coffins are painted anthropoid coffins with mummies of the deceased inside"

1. Farid, Hany and Farid, Samir: Unfolding Sennedjem's tomb In:
KMT: A modern Journal of Ancient Egypt, Spring 2001. Pp. 1-8.
2, Hobson, Christine: Exploring the world of the pharaohs
London : Thames and Hudson, 1990.