Pashedu's tomb no. 3 at Deir el-Medina
The owner of the tomb 3 at Deir el-Medina was Pashedu, who lived in the settlement during the reigns of Sety I and Ramesses II. He had the title "Servant in the Place of Truth on the West of Thebes". He might have also been a "foreman", if he is to be identified with the person named in an inscription translated by Kitchen (Kitchen, 1993, p. 270). He was a stone mason, responsible for cutting the corridors, chambers and pillared halls of the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings.
Pashedu was a son of Menna and the lady Huy. He had five sons and daughters with his wife, called Nedjem-Behdet. Pashedu's son Menna, was without any doubt named after his grandfather. From inscriptional evidence in the tombs it seems that Kaha also was Pashedu's son (Davies, 1999, p. 166). TT3 was discovered in 1834 by Egyptian army draftees. Scottish artist Robert Hay visited the tomb shorty afterwards and recorded its decorated walls (Weeks, 2005, p. 464).
At the bottom of the entrance stairs there is an entrance into the first burial chamber, behind which the second burial chamber lies. A short vaulted passage leads into the third, innermost burial chamber. Anubis jackals that lie on top large white shrines with cavetto cornices are painted on both sides of the passage walls. There is the god Ptah-Sokar-Osiris in the form of a falcon depicted within the vaulted area above the doorway. His elaborately painted wings stretch out below a wedjat-eye. The falcon sits in a boat. There are 15 lines of a hieroglyphic inscription. Pashedu's sons Menna and Kaha both kneel beside the boat worshipping gods depicted (out of the picture).
All photography on the page © 2009 Mutnedjmet
The rear wall of the innermost burial chamber shows the god Osiris-Onnophris, the ruler of the kingdom of the dead, on his throne with the mountain of the West behind him. Osiris wears a nemes-crown and holds a flail and scepter. A seated god before him presents a bowl with burning tapers. The inscription written in columns of black hieroglyphs contains spell for "lighting a lamp for Osiris"
(Málek,2003,222). Behind the throne of Osiris a small figure of Pashedu is depicted kneeling.
Pashedu and his wife sit before an offering table in a small boat of the Abydos pilgrimage. One of their daughters sits at Nedjem-Behdet's feet. They both wear elegant pleated costumes made of fine linen and have long and elaborately coiffed hair.
The first deity is the falcon-headed Ra-Harakhty, followed by a human-headed Atum
The image on the left records two corner scenes. The scene on the right comes from the left front wall of the burial chamber. It is one of the best known scenes in Thebes.
Pashedu kneels and bows down beneath a dom-palm at the edge of a pond. There are 21 columns of text around him. 17 come from chapter 62 of the Book of the Dead, the
Chapter for Drinking Water in God's Domain. The left scene comes from the right wall of the burial chamber. Pashedu and his daughter Nebnefret stand before four male deities and a djed-pillar.
Atum is followed by the scarab-headed Khepri (the morning form of the sun god), and the god Ptah. Djed-pillar stands behind Ptah.
There are sixteen deities on the vaulted ceiling of the innermost burial chamber, eight on each side. On the right side, there are: Osiris, Isis and Nut...
...Nun and Nepthys...
On the right side, there are:
Hathor, Ra-Harakhty, Neith...
...Serqet, Anubis and Wepwawet
...Geb, Anubis and Wepwawet
The text on this page was written by Lenka Peacock
Photography © Mutnedjmet
To view and browse the digitised version of The Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings, (also known as Porter & Moss or TopBib) for this tomb, go to
Material for the Bibliography is gathered from an ever-expanding range of multi-lingual sources, encompassing both specialist and semi-popular Egyptological and Near Eastern publications, periodicals, museum guides, exhibition and auction catalogues, together with the growing wealth of web resources. The Bibliography also analyses a range of unpublished manuscripts, including those housed in the Griffith Institute Archive. Published in May 2014 by the Griffith Institute, University of Oxford, the volumes are constantly revised and augmented.
1. Davies, Benedict G.: Who's who at Deir el-Medina : a prosopographic study of the royal workmen's community
Leiden : Nederlands Instituut voor Her Nabije Oosten, 1999
2. Weeks, Kent R.: The treasures of Luxor and the Valley of the Kings
Cercelli : White Star Publishers, 2005
3. Kitchen, K. A.: Ramesside inscriptions : translated and annotated notes and comments I.
Oxford : Blackwell, 1993.
4. Málek, Jaromír: Egypt : 4000 years of art
London : Phaidon Press, 2003.
5. slideshow https://www.osirisnet.net/tombes/artisans/pached3/e_pached3_01.htm