Tomb 291 at Deir el-Medina
The Theban tomb 291 was discovered by the French Institute in the middle of their 1922 season. It is situated in the north-west part of the main cemetery at Deir el-Medina, at altitude of 115 m. It is about 90 m away from the south-west corner of the enclosure wall of the main Ptolemaic temple.
The owner of the tomb was Nakht-Min.
Late 18th dynasty
Nakht-Min's titles: 1. Servant in the Great Place
2. Servant in the Place of Truth
The picture on the left is taken from the courtyard, looking west, the Theban hills are behind the tomb. The tomb shaft is visible in the foreground.
Below is the picture from beyond the pyramidion
of the tomb, looking East towards the settlement on the right, the temple enclosure wall in the distance on the left.
On the dating of the tomb
Precise dating of the tomb is difficult.
the epigraphic style of this tomb is more elaborate and less cursive and without any doubt older than the style in the 19th and 20th dynasties tombs at Deir el-Medina
the title "Servant in the Great Place" is characteristic for the 18th dynasty rather than the Ramesside era
depiction of the god Amun is intact and it is situated in the prominent, well visible place, suggesting that the tomb predates the reign of Akhenaton
the style of painting also gives good indications: the frieze is made up of series of lotus flowers alternating with bunches
of grapes - an ornamental motif characteristic of the 18th dynasty
the human figures have big heads for the size of their bodies. The body shape can be studied well on the two women in the 2nd register of the West wall for their transparent clothes show their silhouette: the stomachs are too big, the thighs are round, the arms are to the contrary slender. These characteristics do not meet the Ramesside style, but rather correspond with the Amarna style. The tomb's painted reliefs seem comparable in style with the tomb of Ay in the Western Valley in particular.
The now missing relief with depiction of the god Osiris in his shrine and with the offering table and the person making the offerings to the god can be seen in this picture. The graffito mentioned at the end of this page might be the one visible just above the lotus flowers on the offering table.
Considering all these chronological indications and resemblances of the style, Bruyère dated the tomb to the end of the 18th dynasty or more exactly to the period immediately following the reign of Akhenaton.