Ramose's tomb 212 at Deir el-Medina
Ramose is one of the best documented officials from Deir el-Medina. Although he was not born in the village, he became one of the richest men who ever lived there. He was a son of lady Kakaia and a retainer Amenemhab (someone who delived messages to officials in the Theban area). Ramose was born around 1314 BC (Booth,2006,185). He must have attended scribal schools before he became a scribe at the temple of Tuthmosis IV. He then moved to Deir el-Medina, where he married Mutemwia, the
"lady of the house, whom he loves". He was appointed by vizier Paser as "scribe of the tomb" in year 5 of Ramesses II (O.CGC 25671). He served in the rank at least until year 38 of Ramesses II (O.CGC 25809) (Davies, 1996, 98).
As Ramose and Mutemwia continuously failed to conceive a child they petitioned various deities associated with childbirth and fertility. Stela 50066, now in Turin, is dedicated to Qudshu, the Asiatic goddess of love. There are many stelae and statues recording their plea, but the couple remained childless. In the end they adopted Kenherkhepshef, like Ramose, most probably a new arrival in the village, to be an apprentice who would take the role of the eldest son, take over Ramose's profession
and perform burial rites for them.
Ramose's family occupied a house in the northern part of the village. He also owned some land outside Deir el-Medina and there are 3 decorated tombs attributed to him - TT7, TT212 and TT250.
The images below, captured by Andy Peacock during our visit to Deir el-Medina in 2005, show the surviving niche that was cut into the bedrock of the slopes of the western cemetery. It used to be situated at the back of the chapel of Ramose's tomb complex, that was later assigned number TT212. The chapel and the courtyard did not survive, the niche is all that is left to see.
A detailed account of the surviving niche with photos and descriptions of the western and northern walls and the vaulted ceiling, as well as the partially reconstructed agricultural scene, can be found at:
Preserved scene from the vaulted ceiling, showing Ramose standing with his arms raised in the gesture of worship, in front of the seated god Re-Harakhte.
The west wall of the niche showing kneeling Ramose
worshipping the rising sun.
Photography © Andy Peacock 2005-2007
To view and browse the digitised version of The Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings, (also known as Porter & Moss or TopBib) for this tomb, go to
Material for the Bibliography is gathered from an ever-expanding range of multi-lingual sources, encompassing both specialist and semi-popular Egyptological and Near Eastern publications, periodicals, museum guides, exhibition and auction catalogues, together with the growing wealth of web resources. The Bibliography also analyses a range of unpublished manuscripts, including those housed in the Griffith Institute Archive. Published in May 2014 by the Griffith Institute, University of Oxford, the volumes are constantly revised and augmented.
1. Davis, Benedict G.: Genealogies and personality characteristics of the workmen in the Deir
el-Medina community during the Ramesside period. Thesis submitted in accordance with the
requirements of the University of Liverpool for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
Liverpool : University of Liverpool, February 1996.
2. Booth, Charlotte: People of Ancient Egypt
Stroud : Tempus, 2006.